Here we look back at a compendium of guidance produced by Sensei Lewis Bernaldo de Quiros to support students new to Aikido. This is part 3 of a 4 part series and is reproduced from the Takemusu Aikido Motril website (https://aikidotradicional.eu/entrevista/).
The technical structure of Aikido
The techniques of Aikido (waza) are divided into three main branches:
Buki waza (weapon techniques)
Buki dori (weapon-taking techniques)
Tai jutsu (empty handed techniques)
There are hundreds of techniques and variations in Aikido but within that variety there is a core of techniques which before black belt should constitute 90% of the focus. Skill in this core area of technique is the essential foundation for all other areas of practice and it is this core of techniques that I will be covering below. Weapon-taking I will be leaving out for the moment.
In essence at the core level:
The weapons focus on the basic ways of handling the weapons with additional simple partner blending exercises.
The attacks in empty handed training are 6 grabs and 3 strikes.
The empty-handed core waza are three very important exercises plus three immobilizations and three projections.
The directions are 2: front and back (where applicable).
The levels are (strategically) two: static (kihon) and flowing (nagare).
Combinations of the above (attack - technique - direction - level) constitute the techniques practiced in class.
Takemusu Aikido CORE WAZA:
3 basic exercises:
Tai no henko (emphasis on blending)
Morote dori kokyu ho (emphasis on blending + kokyu)
Suwari waza kokyu ho (emphasis on blending + kokyu + center)
Attacks (6 ways of being held):
katate dori / ryote dori / morote dori / mune dori / kata dori / ryokata dori
Attacks (3 ways of being struck):
tsuki / yokomen uchi / shomen uchi
Techniques - Osae waza (immobilization tecniques):
Ikkyo (1st pinning technique)
Nikyo (2nd pinning technique)
Sankyo (3rd pinning technique)
Techniques - Nage waza (projection techniques):
Kote gaeshi (wrist turn throw)
Shiho nage (4-direction throw)
Irimi nage (entering throw)
omote (across the front)
ura (around the back)
7 ken suburi
Migi / hidari awase + variations go / shichi awase + variations
Jo (20 jo suburi):
5 tsuki suburi
5 shomen suburi
3 katate suburi
5 hasso suburi
2 flowing suburi
Jo (other - basic):
6 count kata + awase 31 jo kata
basic blending exercises from tsuki